Tuesday, November 14, 2017

Majapahit Empire

By on 5:39 PM

Majapahit
Image Credit: Wikipidia

Majapahit Empire

The story of Majapahit Empire is based on Negarakertagama (an Old Javanese eulogy). However, there are varieties of different stories about it as regard to the religion the royal members embraced. Some said it was Hinduism-Buddhism, while others said they embraced Islam. However Negarakertagama clearly stated that it was Hinduism-Buddhism Empire.

This article tells about Majapahit Kingdom -- its history, founder, kings, mistery, palace, heritage, and others related to Majapahit Kingdom.
Majapahit Kingdom was the last Hinduism-Budism Empire, which ruled Nusantara and based on Negarakertagama, Majapahit was stated as a Kingdom with the greatest power in Nusantara history.
Its territorial power included Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Semenanjung, Malaya and reached eastern part of Indonesia. However, its power in eastern Indonesia is stilldebatable.
Evidence of Majapahit Kingdom such as physical royal remnants remains a small number, which are still unclear. The historians have used the main source of kings' books in Negarakertagama language and ancient Javanese language.
The main part of the kings' books discussed Kingdom of Ken Arok as the founder of Singhasari Kingdom. Several parts of the books also talked about how Majapahit Kingdom was founded.
Besides that, Nagarakertagama is also ancient Javanese poem made during Majapahit's glorious period under the power of King Hayam Wuruk.
However, when such period elapsed, nothing was clearly mentioned about the position of Majapahit Kingdom. There were several inscriptions in ancient Javanese language or historical notes from China as well as from other countries.
History of Majapahit Kingdom
It started with the fall of Singosari Kingdom as a result of an attack led by Jayakatwang -- Regent of Gelanggelang (now Madiun) with the purpose of rebelling and finally succeeded in tearing down Singosari Kingdom. Raden Wijaya, the son of Mahisa Campaka, prince of Singhasari was given the task to guard the northern part of Singosari but the attack turned up from southern direction. When he came back to the palace, all buildings were burnt to the ground; Kertanegara, the last ruler and king of Singosari was killed. So were the other royal authorities.
Finally Raden Wijaya together with his warriors escaped with the help of Kugagu residents. After the situation was safe Raden Wijaya went to Madura to seek asylum from Aria Wiraraja, Governor in Sumenep Regency. Aria Wiraraja then advised Jayakatwang to forgive Raden Wijaya, who promised to be loyal to him. Raden Wijaya was accepted and finally succeeded in becoming the most loyal royal members and was awarded a forest region where he built a village, which later became larger and developed under his power.
The coming of Mongol warriors to Java headed by Shih-Pi, Kau Shing and Ike-Mise for the purpose of giving a sentence to Kertanegara for not submitting tribute was used by Raden Wijaya to work together with Mongol warriors to attack Jayakatwang.

Coalition between Raden Wijaya and Mongol warriors succeeded in killing Jayakatwang. The Mongol warriors celebrated the victory but at the time Raden Wijaya made use of the opportunity to wipe out and ousted Mongol warriors from Java Island.

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